New Tax Year – What’s Changing for the SME in Brief
Key Tax Rates
|Employee’s and employer’s NI becomes due at||£8,424||£8,164|
|Higher rate tax becomes due at*||£46,350||£45,000|
|Class 2 NI becomes due when profits pass||£6,205||£6,025|
|Class 2 NI per week||£2.95||£2.85|
*Except in Scotland (see below)
Dividend allowance reducing
The 0% tax allowance for dividends will fall from £5,000 to £2,000 a year. This will increase the need for careful tax planning for clients who draw money from their limited companies as dividends. It also means that fewer clients who are now sole traders would save tax by incorporating their businesses.
No increase in the VAT registration threshold
The VAT registration threshold usually rises every year at the beginning of April, but this year it’s not going to. The Autumn Budget 2017 held the VAT registration threshold at £85,000 for a further 2 years, starting from 1st April 2018.
This represents a decrease in the threshold in real terms, since inflation is still rising.
Scottish rates of income tax
For any of you who are Scottish Tax payers, you will be subject to several more rates of income tax than anyone in the rest of the UK from 6th April 2018.
Here are the new Scottish rates of income tax that will apply for taxpayers who receive the standard UK Personal Allowance:
|£11,851 – £13,850||Starter rate||19|
|£13,851 – £24,000||Basic rate||20|
|£24,001 – £43,430||Intermediate rate||21|
|£43,431 – £150,000||Higher rate||41|
|£150,001 and over||Top rate||46|
The Personal Allowance will reduce by £1 for every £2 of income above £100,000.
This will make tax computations and projections harder to work out for Scottish taxpayers, especially as these rates and bands apply only to income which is neither dividend income nor savings income. For example, a computation for a sole director of a limited company, if that individual is a Scottish taxpayer, will now consider salary at Scottish rates but dividends at the rates that apply to the rest of the UK. And, HMRC has yet to explain how Marriage Allowances will work!
Making Tax Digital: get ready now!
MTD reporting for VAT will become compulsory from 1st April 2019 for all clients who are, and have to be, registered for VAT.
Why is this relevant now?
If you have a March year end and not yet using digital software to keep your books, the 1st April 2018 will be the best date to move across because a year end is the easiest time to switch systems. It will also give you plenty of time to get used to using accounting software before compulsory MTD reporting for VAT comes into effect.
We can help!
Don’t worry, at Avanti we are ahead of the game and can assist you in ensuring a smooth as possible transition to MTD. Email us for a consultation.